As per the recently issued statement by Cotton Association of India (CAI), the country is projected to produce about 346 lakh bales during 2016-17 crop year as compared to 337.75 lakh bales produced in 2015-16. However, the production of cotton in the country declined from about 386 lakh bales in 2014-15 to 337.75 lakh bales in 2015-16, the lowest in last five years. This drastic reduction in crop was mainly due to the white-fly attack, especially in the northern region.
Productivity of cotton continues to remain well below the world average productivity mark. However, looking at the initiatives taken by the Government and continued research by scientists one can hope that India would soon resume the world average productivity mark.
It may be mentioned here that cotton prices sought lower levels during the entire 2015-16 cotton season, which resulted in lower realisation of prices by farmers for their produce. This led to a reduction of over 10 per cent in the acreage under cotton during 2016-17 to about 105 lakh hectare from 118.77 lakh hectares in 2015-16 season.
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Meanwhile, CAI has recently appointed Nayan C Mirani as its new President and Udayan Thakkar as Vice President for 2016-17.